Observing behavior (B) and its functional relationship to antecedents (A) and consequences (C).
Easy to approach, enter, operate, participate in or use safely, independently and with dignity by a person with a disability.
Modification of buildings, curbs, and other physical structures to allow easy movement and admittance by a person with a disability. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 mandates accessibility to all public and private facilities. Modifications might include ramps, use of Braille and sound adaptations.
Activities of Daily Living (ADLs)
Basic self-care activities including bathing, bowel and bladder control, dressing, eating, independent ambulation, and needing supervision to support behavior, medical needs and memory/cognition.
A collection of conceptual, social, and practical skills that allow individuals to function in their everyday lives. Limitations in adaptive behavior can impact a person's daily life and affect the ability to respond to a particular situation or to the environment.
Adaptive Skills (Functional Skills)
Those skills used in daily living such as dressing and eating.
Meaning to go before a judge. This term is used to describe the fact that an individual has had a guardian appointed by the court. The person is no longer deemed competent to make informed decisions independently.
Adult Protection Services (APS)
Provides assistance for adults who are at risk of mistreatment or self-neglect.
A document that tells your doctor what kind of care you would like to have in case you become unable to make your own decisions about medical treatment and the provision of health care, when and if you become incapacitated (for example, if you are in a coma).
Parents (or families), organizations or volunteers working on behalf of the rights and interests of others (such as people with disabilities). The ARC of Colorado is one such organization that serves throughout the state. www.thearcofco.org
An association of community centered boards and service agencies dedicated to improving programs for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. www.alliancecolorado.org
American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD)
The nation’s oldest and most respected professional association run by and for professionals who support people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. www.aaidd.org
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
A comprehensive set of laws designed to ensure equality and protect the civil rights of people with disabilities. The U.S. Department of Justice is in charge of enforcing these laws. To obtain a copy of the act, you can call the ADA Hotline at (800) 514-0301
A neuro-genetic disorder that occurs in 1 in 15,000 live births. Characteristics of Angelman syndrome include developmental delays, lack of speech, seizures, problems with walking and balance, jerky movements and hand-flapping, unusually frequent laughter or smiling, and apparent happy demeanor.
A language impairment affecting the production or comprehension of speech and/or the ability to read or write. Aphasia is always due to injury to the brain, most commonly from a stroke but also from head trauma, brain tumors, or infections.
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)
A discipline devoted to the understanding and improvement of human behavior through skill acquisition and the reduction of problematic behavior in a measurable and accountable manner. Often used interchangeably with behavior modification.
An autism spectrum disorder characterized by deficits in social cognition, eccentric and repetitive behavior patterns, and intense, "obsessive" interests. It differs from other forms of autism in that there is relatively little or no delay in language and cognitive functioning.
Any item, piece of equipment, or product used to increase, maintain or improve the functioning of an individual with a disability, including increasing learning, independence, mobility, communication, environmental control and choice.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
A neurobiological disorder affecting an individual's attentiveness and/or impulse control. Symptoms include absent-mindedness, hyperactivity, distractibility, impulsiveness, developmentally inappropriate behavior. The symptoms appear during early childhood (before age seven) and typically last well into adulthood. Also known as attention deficit disorder (ADD).
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
A complex developmental disability that appears during early childhood and affects a person's ability to communicate and interact with others. Autism is characterized by language and communication deficits, social cognition deficits, and repetitive behaviors. These symptoms can vary widely in type and degree of severity; some individuals display only "mild" symptoms, while others' symptoms may be much more profound. See also: "Asperger Syndrome."